C/C++ Training Institute

What Is C/C++

Programming languages C and C++ both contributed significantly to the creation of software and computer systems. An outline of each language is given below:


Dennis Ritchie created the general-purpose procedural programming language C at Bell Labs in the early 1970s. It was intended to be the B programming language’s replacement and to offer a more potent and effective tool for system development.


Key characteristics of C include:

Low-level memory manipulation: The direct memory access provided by pointers in C enables programmers to create low-level, effective programmes.

Programmes are organised into functions and procedures in procedural programming, which is the foundation of the C programming language.

 Because of its excellent portability across several platforms, C is a popular language for creating operating systems and other system-level software.

Efficiency: C code can be quickly and efficiently converted to machine code with little overhead.

Minimal runtime support: C lacks built-in features for abstractions at a higher level, such as garbage collection and object-oriented programming.

C++: Bjarne Stroustrup created the C programming language in the early 1980s. C++ is an extension of C. It was developed to enhance C’s object-oriented programming (OOP) capabilities while yet preserving C code compatibility.

C++’s salient features include:

Programmers can leverage ideas like encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism thanks to the introduction of classes and objects in C++.

C++ templates provide generic programming, enabling programmers to design code that functions with a variety of data types without repeating code.

The Standard Template Library (STL) in C++ provides classes and templates for popular data structures and algorithms, boosting efficiency and encouraging code reuse.

Operator overloading: By allowing developers to specify unique behaviours for operators, C++ improves the expressiveness and readability of code.

Both strong and weak typing are supported in C++, which strikes a balance between the two by ensuring tight type compatibility while also allowing for more flexible type conversions.

Performance and abstraction: C++ is well-suited for a variety of applications because it strikes a balance between high-level abstractions and low-level memory control.

Why I Need To Learn C/C++

Depending on your hobbies, goals for your career, and the kind of programming you want to do, learning C and C++ might be useful for a variety of reasons. The following are some strong arguments for thinking about studying C and C++:

Strong Foundation: Gaining a solid foundation in programming principles through learning C and C++. You can learn about pointers, data structures, memory management, and other essential ideas from these languages that are applicable to many other languages.

C was created for system programming, making it a requirement if you wish to work on firmware, device drivers, operating systems, and other types of low-level software.

Performance-Critical Applications: C and C++ are suited for creating high-performance applications like gaming engines because they provide for fine-grained control over memory and hardware resources.

Embedded Systems: Because of its low-level control and effective memory usage, C and C++ are frequently used in embedded systems like microcontrollers. It’s essential to learn these languages if you want to design embedded systems.

Legacy Codebases: C and C++ are still widely used for writing new software systems and libraries. Understanding and maintaining old codebases and carrying out necessary modifications are made possible by learning these languages.

Game Development: Due to their command over hardware and performance, C and C++ are both favoured languages for game development. Building frameworks and gaming engines with C++ is very common.

Competitive Programming: Due to their effectiveness and precise memory control capabilities, C and C++ are commonly employed in competitive programming.

Cross-Platform Development: C and C++ are appropriate for creating cross-platform programmes since they can be compiled for a variety of platforms.

Learning Different Programming Paradigms: The object-oriented programming, templates, and other paradigms are all introduced in C++. You can better comprehend and apply these ideas to many programming languages by learning C++.

Learning Resources: There are a tonne of books, online tutorials, and groups that may be used to learn C and C++. This makes it simpler to locate quality learning resources.

Job Possibilities: Despite the emergence of newer languages, there is still a need for engineers who are knowledgeable in C and C++. Companies frequently look for C/C++ engineers to work on specialised projects, optimise performance, or manage legacy systems.

Advantages of C:

Efficiency and Performance: Direct hardware access and low-level memory manipulation provided by C enable detailed resource management. For performance-critical applications, this is crucial as it results in extremely efficient code execution.

Programming in C is very portable since it can be compiled for a wide range of systems. This is essential when creating software that must function on a variety of hardware architectures and operating systems.

Programming at the system level: C was created with system-level programming in mind. Operating systems, device drivers, and other software that works closely with hardware are frequently created using it.

Runtime Overhead: Because C lacks the rich built-in capabilities offered in higher-level languages, it has a small runtime overhead. This qualifies it for use in resource-limited situations.

Legacy Code Support: Many existing systems and libraries are written in C. Learning C enables you to work with and maintain legacy codebases.

Advantages of C++:

Class, object, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism are just a few of the sophisticated object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts that C++ adds to C. As a result, code organisation and maintenance are easier to handle.

Standard Template Library (STL): The STL in C++ contains a wide range of data structures and algorithms, including queues, maps, and vectors. The reuse of code is encouraged and development time is reduced.

Performance and Control: Although C++ adds additional abstractions like classes and objects, it nonetheless maintains the efficiency of C. C++ is ideal for a wide range of applications thanks to this harmony between efficiency and abstraction.

Operator Overloading: C++ enables programmers to define unique behaviours for operators, improving the readability and expressiveness of their code.

Template Metaprogramming: Generic programming is made possible by C++ templates, which let you write code that works with a variety of data types without having to write duplicate code. This improves the flexibility and reuse of the code.

Rich Ecosystem: The C++ programming language has a large community, several libraries, and frameworks. This ecosystem allows a variety of development processes, including the creation of GUI apps and video games.

Building cross-platform apps is made easier by the fact that C++ may be compiled for a variety of platforms.

Learning Different Paradigms: The procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming paradigms are all supported by C++. Understanding and applying these ideas to other languages is made easier by learning C++.

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